Side Effects & Risks

Multiple Pregnancy

The probability of multiple pregnancies occurring during these assisted conception treatments is approximately 20-30%. This incidence rate usually pertains to twin pregnancies, however, higher order pregnancies have happened in the past. If the mother is found to carry triplets or more, then the risks to the mother and children increase. As a result, a patient may be advised to undergo an embryo reduction.

Ovarian Hyperstimulation

During Ovulation Induction (OI), the ovaries are stimulated by medication to produce numerous follicles. In some women (2-4%), a large number of follicles develop (20 or more). Women who suffer from polycystic ovaries (POCD) are especially at risk. The ovaries become extremely large, and the patient will feel very uncomfortable. If this problem arises, the patient is advised to see her physician.

Negative Reactions to Medications/ Infection

During the screening and treatment process, a patient may develop an allergic reaction to a certain medication. For example, although this is rare, some patients have an allergic reaction to the iodine used during the HSG. Also, repeated intramuscular injections can sometimes cause redness, pain, and irritation. A patient should immediately contact their physician if they are faced with excessive pain or a severe allergic reaction to any of the medications used. Any surgical procedure may result in an infection. At Hayat, measures are taken to ensure that all equipment is properly sterilized, and that the utmost care is used while handling patients. In certain procedures, such as the egg retrieval, antibiotics are administered intravenously to prevent infection. Even though doctors always use extreme caution, infections can and do happen. Therefore, if a patient experiences pain, discomfort, or unexplained bleeding, they must contact their physician immediately.